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robotics challenge ultrasonic sensor and arduino

Robotics Challenge: Ultrasonic Sensor

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This week’s robotics challenge focuses on ultrasonic sensors and will enhance your programming skills by utilizing pre-existing code.

The true way to get good at something is to PRACTICE. I designed the robotics challenge to help you practice basic skills in an applied way.

Program an Ultrasonic Sensor: Have a Solution? Share Your Work!

Use #learnrobotics #roboticschallenge in your Facebook, Twitter, or Instagram post!

I want these challenges to be as interactive as possible, so if you include #review with your post, I will provide personal feedback on your solution.

Challenge Overview

You’re given three ultrasonic sensors and one Arduino Uno with necessary wiring used to prevent a 2WD mobile robot from driving into an obstacle. The motor control methods have already been written (and working 😛 ) and can be called using the following commands:

forward(motorName, duration); //forward for the specified motor & duration
backward(motorName, duration); //backward for the specified motor & duration
left(); //90-deg turn left
right(); //90-deg turn right
stop(motorName); //stop motor in current position

Here’s the current hardware configuration of the device.

Sale
Smraza 5pcs Ultrasonic Module HC-SR04 Distance...
Power supply: 5V DC; Quiescent current: less than 2mA.; Test distance = ((Duration of high level)*(Sonic :340m/s))/2
$11.99 −$3.19 $8.80
Sale
ARDUINO UNO R3 [A000066]
Arduino Uno is the most used and documented board in the world
$29.95 −$6.95 $23.00

Your Task

In this week’s robotics challenge, create a method, int avoidObstacles(int ultrasonicPin, int distance) in an Arduino-C program to prevent the robot from crashing into an obstacle using the ultrasonic sensors. You should be at least 3 inches away from the obstacle while running. You do not need to use all of the sensors. The purpose is to configure them appropriately to solve the issue.

Here’s a template to help you get started on a solution:

/* GLOBAL DEFINITIONS
 * Define your global variables here.
 */
 //left ultrasonic
 const int leftULTRATRIG=3; //pin on Digital port 3
 const int leftULTRAECHO=2;
//right ultrasonic
 //FILL THIS OUT
//center ultrasonic
 //FILL THIS OUT
/* REQUIRED METHOD
 * Configure your pins as inputs or outputs here.
 */
void setup(){
 //*** ultrasonics ***
 //*** motors ***
 //Setup Channel A - Right Side
  pinMode(12, OUTPUT); //Initiates Motor Channel A pin
  pinMode(9, OUTPUT); //Initiates Break Channel A pin
  //Setup Channel B - Left Side
  // FILL THIS OUT
}
/* Input Parameters: const int ultrasonicPin, int inputDistance
* Return Statement: bool
* Determines if the given ultrasonic sensor is within the given distance.
* Returns TRUE if the sensor is <= to input distance * Returns FALSE if the sensor is >= to input distance
* Use case: avoidObstacles(ultrasonicPin, inputDistance)
*/
bool avoidObstacles(const int ultrasonicPin, int inputDistance){
// fill this out
}
// OPTIONAL: Create additional helper methods here.
/* REQUIRED METHOD
* This method is like "main." Loops forever.
* The following comments are things to consider
* when determining your solution.
*/
void loop(){
// CHECK TO SEE IF THERE'S AN OBSTACLE WITHIN 3IN OF THE LEFT SIDE
// BACK UP & TURN IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION
// CHECK TO SEE IF THERE'S AN OBSTACLE WITHIN 3IN OF THE RIGHT SIDE
// BACK UP & TURN IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION
// CHECK TO SEE IF THERE'S AN OBSTACLE WITHIN 3IN OF CENTER
// BACK UP & TURN LEFT OR RIGHT
}

This template is provided as a GUIDELINE. You do not need to use it in your solution, as there are many ways to solve this problem.

It’s there if you need a quick nudge in the right direction. As always, if you’re really stuck, feel free to ask a question below or Tweet Us (@learnroboticsx) for help!

Not sure how this works?

Get the Robotics Engineering Bundle and learn how to interface electronics, software, and sensors to create autonomous devices and robots.

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